AleRax: A tool for gene and species tree co-estimation and reconciliation under a probabilistic model of gene duplication, transfer, and loss

Abstract:
      ABSTRACT
      
        Motivation
        Genomes are a rich source of information on the pattern and process of evolution across biological scales. How best to make use of that information is an active area of research in phylogenetics. Ideally, phylogenetic methods should not only model substitutions along gene trees, which explain differences between homologous gene sequences, but also the processes that generate the gene trees themselves along a shared species tree. To conduct accurate inferences, one needs to account for uncertainty at both levels, that is, in gene trees estimated from inherently short sequences and in their diverse evolutionary histories along a shared species tree.
      
      
        Results
        We present AleRax, a software that can infer reconciled gene trees together with a shared species tree using a simple, yet powerful, probabilistic model of gene duplication, transfer, and loss. A key feature of AleRax is its ability to account for uncertainty in the gene tree and its reconciliation by using an efficient approximation to calculate the joint phylogenetic-reconciliation likelihood and sample reconciled gene trees accordingly. Simulations and analyses of empirical data show that AleRax is one order of magnitude faster than competing gene tree inference tools while attaining the same accuracy. It is consistently more robust than species tree inference methods such as SpeciesRax and ASTRAL-Pro 2 under gene tree uncertainty. Finally, AleRax can process multiple gene families in parallel thereby allowing users to compare competing phylogenetic hypotheses and estimate model parameters, such as DTL probabilities for genome-scale datasets with hundreds of taxa
      
      
        Availability and Implementation
        
          GNU GPL at
          https://github.com/BenoitMorel/AleRax
          and data are made available at
          https://cme.h-its.org/exelixis/material/alerax_data.tar.gz
          .
        
      
      
        Contact
        
          Benoit.Morel@h-its.org
        
      
      
        Supplementary information
        Supplementary material is available.

Citation: biorxiv;2023.10.06.561091v2,[Preprint]

Date Published: 7th Oct 2023

Registered Mode: by DOI

Authors: Benoit Morel, Tom A. Williams, Alexandros Stamatakis, Gergely J. Szöllősi

Citation
Morel, B., Williams, T. A., Stamatakis, A., & Szöllősi, G. J. (2023). AleRax: A tool for gene and species tree co-estimation and reconciliation under a probabilistic model of gene duplication, transfer, and loss. In []. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. https://doi.org/10.1101/2023.10.06.561091
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Created: 2nd Jan 2024 at 18:29

Last updated: 5th Mar 2024 at 21:25

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